Earth Observation and GIS|
During 2008 and 2009 there will be developed and published several examples for the classroom regarding use of satellite data combined with thematic geodata (maps) in a simple GIS (Geographical Information System).
Use of satellite images, maps and GIS are mentioned in the new Curricula in Norway for upper primary and secondary education. Most of the examples will be from areas in Norway, but there are also of interest with themes from other countries. Please contact Birgit Strømsholm, firstname.lastname@example.org, if you have proposals or special wishes reagarding a theme to be developed and published into sarepta.org.
|Geographic Information System|
|Geographic information system (GIS) provide a technology and method to analyze spatial data, or information about the Earth. The Earth’s climate, natural hazards, population, geology, vegetation, soils, land use, and other characteristics can be analyzed in a GIS using computerized maps, aerial photographs, satellite images, databases, and graphs.|
|Maps and cartography|
|Already in ancient times it was important to be able to draw maps and measure the terrain in order to describe the topography of a country, decide border conditions or to set up large constructions. The oldest known map has been found in Iraq, and is from about 3800 years BC. Navigational maps were developed as a result of the great expeditions in the 1500’s.|
|Traces of the Ice Age on Andøya|
|Regarding this theme satellite images from the SPOT satellite are utilised which, together with different map layers, will visualise possible traces of the Ice Age through the study and analysis of the types of landscapes and deposits. The activities are organized as classroom activities combined with field activities where the landscape of the local environment is explored.|
|Traces of the last Ice Age in the Grimstad area|
|The Grimstad area has marked traces of the last Ice Age both with regard to huge moraine ridges and different types of landscapes. Use images from the SPOT satellite and different chart topics in order to try to provide an overview of traces of the last Ice Age in the Grimstad area. Then go into the field with the GPS in order to explore and register what has been observed in the classroom.|
|The Gardermoen airport and the Moose|
|The Gardermoen airport and the ensuing extension of the infrastructure and the built-up area disturb the moose migrating into the area from the north to search for food in the winter. |
|Supervising changes in the river delta of Northern Øyern|
|The delta at Northern Øyern is the largest in the Nordic countries. The river Glomma flows into the northern part of the lake Øyeren.
The delta has been created by the river Glomma during thousands of years.